What is nutrition and What is food ? (Part-2)

What is nutrition and What is food

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Part 1

After the 1st part………

What is nutrition and What is food

2. Auxiliary material

2. Auxiliary material

There are three material auxiliary material
a. Vitamin
b. Mineral salt
c. Water

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a. The life of Foods or vitamins

Food is what we eat all the time. We already know that food contains a lot of ingredients, the main ones being starch, protein and fats. We already know that. But after the presence of adequate amount of starch or sugars, fats and protein in the diet and for the healthy and normal growth and nourishment of our organism, a special type of food element is required, which is known as vitamin or life of foods.

In English Vitamin are called by life of food. Vitamins are essential for the normal growth and health of the animal. Vitamin is a type of organic compound. But it is a compounds compound. That is why it is called organic compound. It is not necessary to take separate food for vitamins. If the food we eat every day is healthy then it can contain a lot of vitamins. For example: vegetables contain a lot of vitamins.

Vitamins are soluble in liquids. However, not all vitamins are water soluble. Some vitamins are soluble in water but some are soluble in fats.

Fat-soluble vitamins: Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E and Vitamin K.

Water-soluble vitamins: Vitamin C, and Vitamin B complex.

Vitamin-soluble in fats

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Vitamin A

We know that there are two types of food sources in human diet.

1. Animal source

2. Vegetable source

In the same way vitamins have two sources.

1. Animal source

Animal sources include rich amounts of Vitamin A in any egg, cow’s milk, lamb, ghee, butter, yogurt, liver, various oily fish, especially sea cod.

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2. Vegetable source

Vegetable sources include carotene rich vegetables such as spinach, spinach, spinach, pui spinach, data spinach, mint leaves, grafted spinach, sweet pumpkin, carrots, peas, cabbage and various fruits such as ripe papaya, jackfruit, mango etc. Vitamin A is found in large quantities.

The function of vitamins A

1. The growth and normal structure of the body works to be completed smoothly.

2. Keeps various covering tissues of the body like skin, cornea of eyes etc. alive and normal.

3. Keeps bones, gums and teeth healthy

4. Maintains good eyesight and prevents night blindness

5. Prevents infection in the body

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Deficiency disease and its cure

Lack of vitamin A causes night blindness. If night blindness is chronic, then corneal ulcers of the eye may occur. This condition is called exophthalmia. This gerpathalmia disease can cause people to become completely blind. Lack of vitamin A can impede the growth of the body and can often lead to colds, sore throats, coughs and other ailments. Vitamin A deficiency can lead to small lumps at the base of the skin pores. Vitamin A deficiency also hinders the growth of the body.

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Vitamin D

Vitamin D is found only in animal sources. These vitamins are also found from the ultraviolet rays of sunlight, it is synthesized in human skin. Egg yolks, milk and butter are the main sources of vitamin D. Vitamin D is found in cabbage, liver and oily fish.

Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium, which helps build bones. Deficiency of Vitamin D can lead to rickets to children. Vitamin D in excess of daily requirement if taken the body is harmed. As a result more calcium and phosphorus are absorbed and their amount in the blood increases. Due to which a large amount of calcium accumulates in the kidneys, heart, etc.

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Vitamin E

All kinds of vegetable edible oils, especially palm oil are good sources of vitamin E. Almost all foods contain more or less vitamin E. Vitamin E is also found in corn oil, cotton seed oil, sunflower seed oil, lettuce leaves, etc.

Vitamin E is an anti-oxidant in the human body, which prevents the accumulation of fat in the arteries and maintains healthy skin. In addition, Vitamin E helps in cell formation and eliminates infertility in humans and other animals. Vitamin E deficiency can lead to fetal death in utero. There is no special deficiency of this vitamin in daily balanced diet.

Water soluble vitamins

Vitamin B complex

Water contains 12 soluble Vitamin B. This bunch of vitamins is called vitamin B complex. Vitamin B complex in the diet is very important for the normal well-being of the body. Vitamin B in food for body growth, nerve and brain function, metabolic function in body cells, reproduction etc. The presence of the complex is essential.

Sources of important vitamins in vitamin B complex and deficiency diseases are given in the table below.

Vitamin Source Deficiency disease
Thiamine(B1) Dhemkichhatta rice, flour, pulses,
oilseeds, nuts, liver, fresh fruits and vegetables. Animal sources include liver, eggs, milk, fish, etc.
Extreme deficiency of thiamine in the body causes symptoms of beriberi. Lack of it causes nerve weakness, mental exhaustion, fatigue, loss of appetite, weight loss etc.
Riboflavin(B2) Liver, milk, eggs, greens, young tips, sprouted seeds. Lack of it causes cracks on both sides of the lips, sores on the face and tongue, rough skin. Is. Tears fall from the eyes. Lack of it makes it difficult to open eyes in intense light.
Niacin or Nicotinic acid (B5) Meat, liver, flour, pulses, nuts,
oilseeds, lentils, vegetables.
Lack of it causes pellagra disease. Pellagra disease causes pigmentation to build up on the skin and increases rapidly in sunlight. As a result, red spots appear on the skin and the skin becomes flaky. In addition, atrophy of the tongue occurs due to accumulation of pigment in the tongue.
Pyridoxine(B6) Rice, flour, fish, meat, vegetables,lentils,
fungi, old, egg yolks.
 Lack of it causes loss of appetite, nausea and anemia. 

or cyanocobalamin (B12)

Liver, milk, fish, meat, eggs,Cheese, kidneys, etc.  Lack of it causes anemia. Nervous system degeneration occurs.

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